The year 2021 was a great year for since. It was the year of numerous groundbreaking discoveries. Though everyone’s timeline was full of Covid-19 related news, the year also stood a witness to remarkable scientific achievements. The global scientific community did not just focus on the Covid-19 vaccine but also on various other discoveries.
It started with vaccines to synthetic coffee production and many more. Scientists have been into many breakthrough discoveries in 2021. The most intriguing discoveries that made it to the headlines are what you will read by heading down further.
A Pan-Corona Vaccine
The word ‘pan’ denotes that the vaccine is just not effective against the deadly Covid-19 but also for other variants of Coronavirus. This means that the vaccine has possibly the strength to bring an end to the global pandemic. It could also bring an end to the common cold.
As per the Technology Networks, an online scientific community, trials for the pan-Corona vaccine have been made on monkeys and mice. Scientists found that the vaccine effectively against SARS to SARS-CoV-1 and other variants of Coronavirus. The vaccine directly targets the Coronavirus that sticks to the cell receptors.
The scientists worldwide did not just stop at discovering the Covid-19 vaccine. They made a remarkable discovery in making a malaria vaccine too. As per a report published in the famous Nature magazine, there are around 400,000 deaths every year around the globe due to malaria. To bring an end to this global pandemic, the RTS, S vaccine, which is a protein-based vaccine, was invented.
The vaccine is not that impressive, but it can prevent around 30% of severe cases. This means we can save over 23,000 lives every year. This percentage has been enough for World Health Organization to give a seal of approval. The UN agency also recommended its distribution to the countries with higher malaria rates.
As per reports published in New Atlas, coffee growers distribute around 22 billion pounds of coffee every year, and this demand is increasing. Coffee requires a substantial amount of sun and the growers will require deforesting the land. It also requires a lot of water, and as the climate changes, it is not easy to get to new places that easily for plantations.
Scientists from Finland created coffee in a lab, and the new synthetic coffee tasted actually like a cup of coffee. It might reach your kitchen shelves in around four years. This will reduce the requirement for water, and can stop deforestation. Besides that, it can also reduce the carbon emission from the traditional way of growing coffee beans.
Protecting Coral Reefs With The Help Of Probiotics
The death of the coral reefs is one of the worst tragedies due to climate change. The coral reefs will be one major casualty of climate change. In August 2021, scientists discovered that probiotics could be of great help in preserving coral reefs.
It will help protect the reefs against extreme heatwaves. Though this is just a protection for the reefs, this will not bring any changes in climate change. It is just a step to protect from it getting destroyed forever.
Better Genes Among The Old People
In May 2021, a group of scientists from the University Of Bologna, Italy, conducted a study among 105 and 60-year olds. The study revealed that those aged 100 or more have a certain type of genetic pattern in their DNA, which increases the activity in a gene and results in producing much healthier cells.
In short, supercentenarians are faster than their sexagenarian counterparts when repairing their cells and getting rid of bad and damaged cells. It helps them to fight age-related ailments, especially cancer, which generally develops when the damaged cells don’t die as they are supposed to be. This helps them fight various heart diseases as well.
The year 2021 has seen some remarkable scientific discoveries. We can expect that the year 2022 will bring more breakthroughs and developments in science and technology.
The world is thankful to the scientists and researchers who work day in and day out to make these remarkable discoveries. They are striving to make the world a better place to live for the rest of us. Here’s hoping they make many more such groundbreaking discoveries in the years ahead.